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on  January 16, 2016 at  Rawal Village, Mathura,  Uttar Pradesh

“How to Make India Free

From Open Defecation by 2019 –
A Dream Project of Hon’ble Prime Minister
of India Shri Narendra Modi”


Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, Ph.D., D.Litt.

Sociologist and Social Reformer

Founder, Sulabh Sanitation Movement


How to Make India Free From Open Defecation by 2019 –
A Dream Project of Hon’ble Prime Minister
of India Shri Narendra Modi


welcome Hon’ble Mrs. Hema Malini, Member of Parliament, Hon’ble Shri Banke Bihari Maheshwari, Senior BJP Leader, Hon’ble Dr. D.P. Goyal, District President, BJP, Hon’ble Shri Yogendra Goyal, Chairman, Ramanlal Shorawala International School, Rawal, Hon’ble Shri Padam Singh Sharma, Ex-District President, BJP, Hon’ble Shri Ajay Kumar Poia, Ex-MLA, Shri Pranat Pal Singh, Ex-MLA, Hon’ble Shri Om Prakash, Ex-President, BJP, Hon’ble Smt. Kamlesh Gujar, Pradhan, Rawal Gaon and Ladies and Gentlemen.


The Central Rural Sanitation Programme was first launched by the Government of India, in the First Five Year Plan, by the Union Minister of Rural Development, Shri S K Dey. In 1953, the Community Development Block offices were opened, and the programme for building toilets in the rural areas was executed through these offices. The auger to dig the pit was sent to the villages, for which some money was given to the villagers. This programme could not become successful, therefore till 1985 Government of India did not take any interest in rural sanitation programme. In 1986, another programme was started under Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP), and it was confined only to the people living Below Poverty Line (BPL). An amount of Rupees 500/- was given for building the toilet which was inadequate, and the most awful part of it was that the Government decided to get constructed only one pit latrine, instead of two pit pour flush toilets, which I invented in the year 1968-69 hoping that the beneficiaries will develop the habits of using twin pit built toilets, and will have the other pit built on their own. After a lapse of 22 years, Union Rural Development Ministry decided to adopt two pit latrines, and also tried to help the beneficiaries, who were under Above Poverty Line. Even today, 10% of the people in the villages have not been given any subsidy because they are from the Higher Income Group. Rs. 12,000/-given by the Government of India and the State Governments are not adequate enough to build good quality toilet. Hon’ble Member of Parliament, Mrs. Hema Malini herself has experienced this situation in her constituency. Now Sulabh has built 5 toilets as a model for demonstrating the standard of good quality toilets, which has been inaugurated by Hon’ble Member of Parliament, Mrs. Hema Malini. Now it is up to her to decide how to implement the programme in her constituency. We have built good quality of household toilets in Badaun or in Bhadohi.


Sulabh under CSR partnership with the Boeing Company has built toilets in Korali. Similarly in other parts of the country Sulabh has built toilets with CSR fund support of State Bank of India, ONGC, Maruti, HDFC, Bharti Foundation etc. The fundamental objective needed to make the programme successful is that there should be one donor,whether it is government or the corporate agency or anybody who can do resource mobilization. In this context, the role of a NGO becomes very crucial in this scheme. The volunteers of Sulabh fulfill this crucial role by visiting each household, to motivate and educate them about the importance of toilets, and the subsequent benefits related to it, and those who have toilets build their close supervision with follow-up is done. The Sulabh model maintains quality control with disciplined supervision and follow up, which paves the way for encouraging good quality construction of toilets, and by this qualitative process, we can fulfill the cherished dream of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India to have toilets in each house,and can end open defecation.


I have made a meticulous plan for Government of India, which is as follows: The scheme will be known as “ODFI-open defecation free India”.

      India has 675 districts, 6849 blocks, 2.51 lakh Panchayats and 6.46 lakh villages. The cost of a toilet is about Rs. 30,000 without stone and with stone its cost goes up—ranging from Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 60,000. It depends on you what type of toilet you choose.

We have calculated the price of Rs. 30,000 per toilet for three years, that is, up to 2019, keeping in mind the inevitable escalation in price. Thus, you may like to donate a minimum of Rs. 30,000 which is the cost of one toilet, and so on and so forth. If there are 200 toilets needed in a village, the cost will come to Rs. 60 lakh. One panchayat comprising of three villages, the cost will come to 1 crore 80 lakh. Similarly, the cost for covering a block or tehsil Rs. 60 crore and for one district Rs. 600 crore. The Bharti Foundation has taken responsibility for one district—Ludhiana—and you may decide whether you will take responsibility for one toilet, or for toilet in all homes of a village, a panchayat, a block, or a district. The work will be carried out in your name or in the name of your company or organization, as you may wish. Before taking the decision, you may like to interact with the people of the village for whom the work will be done.


The target is March 2019: by this time we have to construct about 12 crore toilets in the country. Yes, nearly 12 crore toilets are required to be built by 2019 to realize the dream of our beloved Prime Minister.


This is a big task, but together we can do it and Non Resident Indians can play a pivotal role in this. This is a unique opportunity for the NRIs to show their love for the country. There are nearly two crore NRIs, and if each of them contributes to building six toilets over a span of three years, then this target can easily be met. An individual toilet costs approximately Rs. 30,000/-, so six toilets will cost a total of Rs. 1,80,000/-, or approximately Rs. 2 lakh, which can be given over a period of three years.


If all the NRIs come forward and contribute to make India clean and a better place, this beautiful dream will become a reality.

I earnestly and humbly request all of you to join hands to make India clean and open-defecation-free, and thus pay a befitting tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary.


The above mentioned scheme made by me will facilitate in achieving the Swachh Bharat goal of “Open Defecation Free India”, and as promised to the Hon’ble Member of Parliament,Sulabh will get constructed 50 such toilets from its own funds , and the rest of the amount for building other toilets will have to be explored under CSR. The success of the programme is that everyone should behappy. The organization, who gives the amount, along with the organization, who builds the toilets, and the beneficiaries. In this way, we can fulfill the target of making India free from open defecation by 2019.