NATIONAL, NEWS January 5, 2016 , by Author
Mysuru: There are many things which is made in India, not only ‘Make in India’ and Sulabh Movement is one among them, said the founder of Sulabh Sanitation (Shauchalaya) Movement, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak.
He was addressing the gathering on the topic “Promoting Community Sanitation in the country: problems and prospects” in the plenary talk session of 103rd Indian Science Congress hosted by the University of Mysore, Mysuru.
He further explained that, in the Sulabh Shauchalaya there are two pits one of which is used at one time. When one pit becomes full then the other pit is used. Both the pits are used but one at a time. After two years in the first pit the excreta turns into bio-fertilizer which can be cleaned by anybody and this fertilizer can then be utilized in fields and gardens for enhancing productivity. In Sulabh toilets the minimum period of cleaning the pit is 2 years, the maximum is 40 years.
The Sulabh toilet can be constructed in areas where the water-table is high, in waterlogged, flood prone and high sub-soil water areas where the pits could be raised. The platforms on the Sulabh pits can be used for a variety of purposes like cooking, chopping fish, chaffing grains and running a small shop.
He further explained other systems of Sulabh movements- Human excreta based Biogas plant and Sulabh effluent treatment plant. In this system the biogas is produced from human excreta and the gas is used for coking food, lighting mantle lamp, warming bodies, and converting into energy to supply as street light. The water from Sulabh toilet is also treated through Ultra Violet Filter and the BOD in this water is less than 10 which is good for use in the field or to discharge in river bodies. The BBC World news series Horizons has featured Sulabh technology amongst the five inventions of the world.
Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak displaying the water purified by Ultra violet filter
Sulabh has constructed Sulabh Shauchalaya in villages of Haryana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Bhopal and Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. Sulabh Toilet complex attached with Biogas plant has also been constructed in Kabul, Afghanisthan.
Urinals inside Sulabh toilet complex, in Taj Mahal, Agra was declared the second best in the world. Along with this, “Darkness to Light” vocational training centre was set up at Alwar, Rajasthan in April 2003, to liberate and to rehabilitate women hitherto who were engaged in the profession of scavenging till March end, 2003.
While concluding his talk, Dr. Pathak again quoted that, before stressing on ‘make in India’, people should know that there are many such innovations ‘made in India’.
The other resource person of the plenary talk, Prof. T. Pradeep, spoke on the topic “Affordable Point-of-use Water Purification using Nanomaterials”. Prof. K.J Nath chaired the programme. Dr. N B Basu, delegates, students and participants from various states and countries were present.
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